[THOUGHTS of THE TIMES] Human rights in North Korea By Ku Yae-rin (College of International Studies, Kyung Hee Universuty)Threats of missile attacks or nuking South Korea made by the North Korean regime have managed to create a divide even among South Korean politicians; "Should North Korea be isolated or engaged?" has been the million-dollar question. The answer is quite simple when one prioritizes human rights over all else: Engage with North Korea.Unification can be successful only when both North and South Korean regimes work together to overcome future challenges as well as differences caused by decades of separation. If Koreans hope for a truly sovereign nation, then it is crucial to stick together, especially during the most vulnerable of times.For smooth the integration of North and South Koreans after unification, it is important to engage with the North Korean regime so as to resume human-to-human interactions. If the South Korean government is incapable of making that small thing happen, how does it expect North Koreans to have faith in South Korea to be able to accommodate the needs of roughly 24 million after the unification?Currently the North Korean regime has been able to sustain itself by depending mainly on a few communist or authoritarian countries such as China, Syria and Cuba for economic support. In such circumstances, a dual-pronged diplomacy of engaging with North Korea while simultaneously criticizing those countries supportive of Kim Jung-un's despotism becomes indispensable. There is no easy way to go about issues associated with North Korea. But what the South Korean government has been doing in recent years is to adhere to U.S. foreign policy and go with the obvious tactic of aiming punitive measures at North Korea. The deployment of the U.S. anti-ballistic missile interceptor (THAAD) marks the epitome of such punitive measures. Instead of making the ultimate decision of deploying THAAD, the Park Geun-hye administration should have prolonged the decision to pressure China to stop its repatriation of North Korean defectors. Furthermore, Xi Jinping and Park could have negotiated on monitoring the border area of North Korea and China to ban human trafficking activities.There were many alternative scenarios before the decision to deploy THAAD. Still, it is never too late to change South Korea's approach. Alleviating the tension between the two Koreas by incrementally increasing North Korea's dependence on South Korea through a dual-pronged diplomacy is up for grabs. All the South Korean government needs to do is to seize it and observe the long-term transformation taking place in North Korea. Building trust is a must for prospect of living together within the same boundary after unification. It is ludicrous to argue that South Korea has tried enough to engage with North Korea already because only 10 years have passed since the South began to provide aid to the North.Over the course of a decade, South Korea sent a total of 2.8 trillion won to North Korea, which does not even amount to 1/1000 of the South's GDP. Prior to the unification of Germany, West Germany spent the huge sum of 58 trillion won for 18 years on supporting East Germany. This shows that West Germany was more proactive in engaging with its East Germany than South Korea has been with the North, as West Germany spent 16 times more to improve the living standards in East Germany so as to smooth out the transition when unification finally took place in 1989. Even adding up the alms provided by the international community, money is insufficient to ameliorate the situation in North Korea. Thus, it is high time for the South Korean government to mobilize its resources to first resolve human rights issues in North Korea by eliminating and targeting external factors and engaging with the Kim Jung-un regime to create a long-lasting change. The writer is a student at Kyung Hee University majoring in international relations. Write to email@example.com.
The Washington Center Internship Program을 통해 Voice of America 에서 인턴기자로 있는 12학번 최재형 학생의 기사입니다. 북한의 핵 위협에 대한 미국 대학생들의 생각은 일반 미국인들과는 크게 다른 것으로 나타났습니다. 미국에 큰 위협이 아니라는 겁니다. 대학생들은 또 북한을 생각할 때 연상되는 단어로 인권과 위협, 가난을 꼽았습니다. 최재형 인턴기자가 취재했습니다. `VOA’는 최근 대학에서 정치학을 전공하면서 워싱턴의 미국 연방정부와 비정부기구 등에서 인턴으로 근무하는 학생 40 명을 대상으로 북한에 대한 인식과 견해를 묻는 설문조사를 실시했습니다. 이 설문조사에서 응답자의 77%는 북한의 핵 위협을 그렇게 심각하게 받아들이지 않는다고 밝혔습니다. 북한의 핵 계획이 미국의 안보에 미약한 위협 (60%) 이거나 전혀 위협이 되지 않는다 (17.5%) 는 겁니다. 워싱턴의 캐나다대사관에서 인턴으로 근무하는 디에고 로페즈 씨입니다. [녹취: 디에고] “North Korea is a minor threat to the U.S. because they have the capability to attack us and their rhetoric has been very threatening but they are not in a position to attack us because it would be self-destructive for them.” 로페즈 씨는 북한이 미국을 공격할 능력을 갖추고 있고 지속적으로 미국을 위협하고 있지만 미국에 대한 공격은 정권의 파괴를 자초하는 일이기 때문에 실행하지 못할 것이란 설명입니다. 북 핵 위협에 대한 이런 태도는 미국인 절반 이상이 북한 핵 계획을 중대한 위협으로 여기고 있는 것으로 나타난 시카고 국제문제협의회 (CCGA)의 최근 여론조사 결과와는 대비되는 것입니다. 이는 설문조사에 응한 대학생 절반 가량이 `북한이 핵을 실제로 사용할 의지가 없다고 생각한다’ (45%)고 대답한 것과 관계가 있는 것으로 보입니다. 학생들은 그러나 63%가 북한을 실질적인 핵 보유국으로 여긴다고 답했고, 47%는 핵탄두가 장착된 북한의 대륙간탄도미사일이 미국 영토에 도달할 능력이 있는 것으로 생각한다고 말했습니다. 이들은 또 절대 다수인 83%가 북한 핵이 한반도 안보에 큰 위협이라고 밝혔습니다. 그러면서 동맹국은 한국을 방어하기 위한 미군의 한국 주둔에 찬성했습니다. 미 하원 테리 세웰 의원실에서 인턴으로 근무하는 카를로스 미카메스 씨의 말입니다. [녹취: 미카메스] “South Korea is a valuable ally and they cannot defend themselves efficiently against the irrational threat that is currently coming from North Korea. So therefore we should just keep U.S. troops in Korea for now.” 한국은 소중한 동맹국이며 북한의 비이성적인 위협에 맞서 독자적으로는 효과적으로 대응할 수 없기 때문에 주한미군 주둔에 찬성한다는 겁니다. 학생들은 84%가 한반도 유사시 주한미군의 개입에 찬성하는 것으로 조사됐고, 55%의 응답자들은 미군의 고고도 미사일 방어체계(THAAD)의 한반도 배치에 찬성했습니다. 북 핵 문제 해결을 위한 방안으로 학생들은 제재 보다 협상을 선호했습니다. 현재 진행 중인 대북 제재를 선호한다는 응답은 20%, 협상을 선호한다는 응답은 60%에 달했습니다. 나머지는 선박 검색 (12%)과 제한적 타격 (5%), 북한 침공 (2%)을 주장했습니다. 이밖에 북한을 생각할 때 가장 먼저 연상되는 단어로 인권, 위협, 가난을 꼽았습니다. 북한을 방문할 의사가 있는지에 대한 질문에는 응답자의 절반이 북한이 위험하기 때문에 가지 않겠다고 밝혔습니다. 나머지 절반은 그러나 안전만 보장된다면 북한의 독특한 정치와 문화를 직접 체험할 수 있는 흥미로운 경험이 될 것 같다며 방문 의사를 밝혔습니다. 한편 이번 조사에서 학생들은 미국에 가장 큰 위협이 되는 적국으로 러시아 (22%)를 꼽았습니다. 북한은 중국, 이란과 함께 공동 2위 (15%) 를 기록했습니다. 미국의 안보에 가장 큰 위협으로는 이슬람 수니파 무장조직 ISIL을 꼽았고, 북 핵 문제는 중국의 부상과 기후변화에 이어 4위였습니다. VOA 뉴스 최재형 인턴기자 입니다.Jae-hyung Choi is a reporter for Voice of America as an Intern.* ARTICLE : http://www.voakorea.com/content/article/3311529.html* AUDIO : http://www.voakorea.com/audio/3289928.html
The Washington Center (TWC) Internship at Washington D.C.<Internship at Urban Institute>I had several interviews through Skype before I left Korea to US. Among them, the Urban Institute, a policy research center based in DC was the place that I can learn what I want to learn. It’s really important to go there and do your internship in the specific area you want. For me, I want to work in financial field in the future so I’ve learned statistical program. The Urban Institute was the company which mainly uses the program and the interviewer told me that they can give me the opportunity to deal with the real data there. The Urban Institute was a big research company located near the White house. Since my supervisor and co-workers already recognized the TWC program so they were highly willing to teach me professional skills and gave me the opportunity to join their projects in the company. I was able to join a really big study launched by US Housing Department and also a project with American Redcross. What’s important is that in every single project, I was able to learn how to use the program and was able to communicate with coworkers. You can learn how to be professional at work and learn the specific skills that you want to learn. <Academic Seminar>It was a really great opportunity for me to be in class with a lot of foreign students. I registered “Global trade” class and this gave me the opportunity to give a presentation in front of other students whose major are international business. It was really amazing that I can share my knowledge with them and learn from their thoughts who studied the same major in their own countries. Almost every other class that my friends attended was interactive between students and professor and this will give you the courage to make a presentation and new perspective of your major. <Life in DC>Almost every week, there are various seminars and conferences open for the public. I attended a lot of them from World Bank, IMF, and also CSIS. Every single topic that was debated in those seminars and conferences, in DC is important current issue that you might be able to hear only from the news if you are not in DC. (ex. TPP, AIIB, North Korea etc) I was able to make a lot of friends from all over the world. Most of the students in TWC are open-minded enjoy being friends with others and hanging out. I went for a trip with them and they are unforgettable experience.
[중앙일보] 이만열(Emanuel Pastreich) 교수, [임마누엘 칼럼] 한국이 독자적인 안보정책을 표방할 때가 왔다2016/08/20이만열 교수님 관련 중앙일보 기사입니다. 중앙일보 기사
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