Digital Shoppingby Jungeun ShinKIC the Globe Vol. 10 / Fall 2014 Without a doubt, electronic commerce is a global uptrend. E-commerce refers to trading services using online networks, such as the Internet. In other words, it is online shopping between business and consumers or business and business. In both developed and developing countries, the online market is expanding its size. In a developing country like China, the online shopping mall is quickly expanding along with the Internet. The biggest e-commerce corporation, Alibaba Group, has contributed greatly to the Chinese market. Alibaba was founded in 1999 and has grown rapidly. It earned 52.50 billion Chinese yuan in 2014, which amounts to approximately $85.87 billion dollars. Alibaba already surpassed Amazon, America’s biggest e-commerce market. Considering that about half the population of China does not have access to the Internet, China seems to have huge potential to grow in the e-commerce market, or perhaps it already has.Not only is China’s online market growing, the rest of the world is also experiencing a similar phenomenon. This is mainly because of the positive perception people have on the Internet market. Undoubtedly, convenience is the most influential factor for consumers. Nowadays, we can find computers and smart phones practically everywhere. Widespread penetration of the Internet and smart phones contributed to the convenience of online transactions. Online transactions tend to be direct and do not require as much capital because they are able to reduce the costs associated with them. Online malls are wholesalers themselves, so that they do not have to go through many cumbersome steps typically required in transactions. Offline shops, on the other hand, have to go through many processes including purchasing from factories and managing delivery costs in between them. They also have to invest a lot on the shop itself with carefully chosen location and trained employees. Inevitably, they have no choice but to increase the price of goods and services with which they deal. This growth of e-commerce is expected to continue with massive potential though we do not know the direction of the growth yet, for it is still in the process of developing. However, we do know that globalization will play a significant role in how e-commerce will advance. People now have more access to information about foreign goods than before. Consumers have become smarter and smarter by being able to compare prices and quality of local goods and those of the international market. This is also what incentivized many Korean people to purchase directly from overseas; it has become a trend. According to Korean Customs service, about 1.5 trillion-won worth of goods are being bought through direct overseas-purchasing. Many Koreans believe that they can purchase better products at better prices through foreign shopping malls. Consequently, many companies that buy goods from foreign countries for the Korean consumers are emerging. Often, foreign online shopping malls do not provide international shipping to Korea. Thus, these companies help customers with overseas delivery. It works like this: customers request goods from a foreign online mall to deliver to the company that then sends the package to the customers. This way, Korean consumers can buy foreign goods from malls that do not provide international shipping. Korean buyers purchase foreign goods through such companies because even through all this burdensome process, the overall cost is lower than purchasing the same goods in Korea. The uptrend of e-commerce will continue to expand along with direct foreign purchases. The market has so much potential and advantages that will outcompete offline shops. This is also good for customers since the competition among sellers will not only exist domestically but also globally. The price of goods will decrease in general, and offline stores will also take part in the competition with their own decreased prices. Hopefully, e-commerce will even promote enhancement on individuals’ lives.
Date : 2015/04/10 | Author : admin | Views : 1085
A Pistol-maker or a Peace-makerby Jae Kyu LeeKIC the Globe Vol. 10 / Fall 2014 The rapid change in technological development has allowed humanity to have the privilege of enjoying the luxury of a comfortable life. Today, the most promising technological break-through is the 3D printing technology due to its versatile applications and its ability to instantaneously print out anything as long as you have the raw materials and blueprint. This innovative technology is greatly utilized in a variety of fields, especially prominent in medical, industrial, and aerospace engineering. Patients no longer have to wait for organ donors. They can be simply printed out. There has been an actual case where a baby named Kaiba Gionfriddo, who was born with a congenital lung deformity, was treated with a 3D-printed lung splint. Also, 3D-printers can speed up the production rate and even grant the ability to produce mechanical parts in a desolate environment like outer-space.On the other hand, 3D printing is not entirely free of abusive exploitation as it could be utilized as a tool for criminal activities. Recently in South Korea, a man was found guilty of identity fraud after he used his 3D printer to forge fingerprints. On top of illicitly duplicating identity, imagine the possibilities that 3D printers open up for other heinous crimes such as producing illegal firearms.The 3D-printing technology can allow any individual to fabricate fully-functional firearms. In the United States, the world’s first 3D-printed gun, the Liberator, shed light on the possibility of printing firearms with the assistance of 3D printers. This provoked a number of people to develop interest in printing their own firearms, causing 3D-printed guns to be more functional, durable, and lethal. Consequently, people are now able to create different kinds, ranging from toy-like plastic guns to even assault rifles. The reason why these types of firearms are far dangerous than the regular firearms is that they are undetectable and easy to produce. The only metal part that the first prototype, the Liberator, requires is the firing pin, which is only a size of a nail; the rest of the gun is made entirely out of plastic. This allows it to go undetected by metal detectors, enabling practically anyone to smuggle it anywhere.This problem gave concern for public safety in many nations, especially in the United States. Although possession of firearms is relatively liberal in the United States, the possession of 3D printed firearms is heavily restrained. According to the Undetectable Firearms Act, it is illegal to fabricate and possess firearms that are undetected by walkthrough metal detectors. Perhaps, this problem might seem more alarming in countries like the United States, where it is easier to gain access to guns and ammunitions. However, even in countries that are in a relatively “safe-zone” in terms of gun violence, such as Japan and Korea, legal actions have been already carried out. Recently, a Japanese man was sentenced to jail for 3D printing guns in his house. This was the first case where an individual was prosecuted for possessing 3D printed firearms. Also, even during the Incheon Asian Games, there was intensive control on 3D printed weapons for potential threats of terrorism.These actions do, to a certain degree, decrease the abusive use of 3D printers, but they do not necessarily lower the potential casualty in case of an attack. Consequently, it would be advised to let the public become aware of the threat and learn how to protect themselves. For instance, in the United States, schools are required to regularly carry out safety drills in case of an emergency, especially those concerning terrorism after the Sandy Hook incident—an incident that occurred in an elementary school in Sandy Hook, Connecticut, resulting in more than 20 casualties. As a result of the citizens becoming more aware of the danger of gun violence, the sales of bulletproof devices have skyrocketed. This means that individuals have taken actions to protect themselves. However, there are no such drills in many other countries. In South Korea, although we live in a politically unstable state where the North could invade the South anytime, there are no safety drills in schools designed in case of open-arm attacks. It is possible that the society could be taken off-guard, resulting in tremendous amounts of casualties.As a result, it is safe to say that 3D printing is a doubleedged sword. Think about the invention of the dynamite. It was intended to be used as a convenient tool for miners to construct mines. However, it was abusively exploited and used in battlefields, causing massive casualties. Thus, depending on the user, 3D printers could end up as a “peacemaker” that benefits the society and the people or merely as just a “pistol-maker.”
Date : 2015/04/03 | Author : admin | Views : 918
My Internship Experience at IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)Gwangwoo KimCollege of International Studies From February to July, 2014, I worked as an administrative intern at the Director’s Office within the Division of Budget and Finance, at International Atomic Energy Agency, which is located in Vienna, Austria. To give a brief introduction on IAEA, IAEA is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA was established as an autonomous organization on 29 July 1957. Division of Budget and Finance is a pivotal part of IAEA because it is where all the yearly budget plans for IAEA are made. Furthermore, all the money came directly from the member states of IAEA, which meant that everything had to be planned accordingly and no mistakes were allowed. So, when I first got the internship offer from IAEA to work for the Director of Budget and Finance, I was very nervous and hesitant at the same time. When I arrived at IAEA, the first thing that I learned was how to act ‘diplomatically’ and at the same time learn how to receive phone calls from diplomats. Since I worked for the director’s office of budget and finance, where monetary and budget decisions are made every day, many diplomats and workers from other international organizations such as UNDP and NATO came by or called our office on a daily basis. So, it was important for me to look professional since I represented the director’s office and how I worked affected how our clients thought about our organization. For example, during my first week of work, the ambassador from Japan visited our office and I was assigned to lead the ambassador and his team to the meeting room. It was very interesting because it was the first time meeting an official ambassador from another country, but at the same time, I was very nervous inside. Eventually, I did not make any mistakes and finished the protocol safely. After the first week, I officially began to work with the Director and began to assist her in senior official meetings. My job was to write meeting minutes which records everything that was talked about during the meeting. I took down the notes and put them in the record, which would remain in the IAEA archive. However, this was a very difficult task for me because senior officials usually used acronyms and special codes which I couldn’t understand. Furthermore, since IAEA is an international organization that deals with atomic (nuclear) power and safety, many of the issues were about scientific and diplomatic language which was very hard to understand. The hardest part of my job however, was to make a summarization of financial reports which were about 20 pages long. My job was to shorten the contents of the reports to one or two pages and show it to the director. But this was something that was very hard for me to do because I did not have any prior experiences in dealing with financial analysis reports and moreover summarize them in front of the director. Lastly, I was in charge of making an internal IAEA interns newsletter where interns made a newsletter that showed what was going on in our division. This was a fun experience since I was able to meet new people and interview them to create stories for the newsletter. I really enjoyed this work and I believe this project greatly improved my writing ability. In sum, I have learned a lot from working in an UN organization such as IAEA and I highly encourage many KICians who are interested in UN to not be afraid of challenges and pursue becoming a UN intern. Thank you.END.
Date : 2015/03/29 | Author : admin | Views : 812
2014년도 경희대 축제 Standing Steak 영상
Date : 2015/03/21 | Author : admin | Views : 819
Laos Volunteer Work with National University of Laos Jan. 21 ~ Feb. 4 Hamnangkong Village, Laos Mentoring Science Puzzle
Date : 2015/03/13 | Author : admin | Views : 836
Volunteer KIC, 2015 Orientation Training Video
Date : 2015/03/13 | Author : admin | Views : 693
Poster of 4th KICA, Academic Wrting and Presentation Competition Application Due Day: 2015. 03. 11Submission Deadline: 2015. 05. 08
Date : 2015/03/13 | Author : admin | Views : 709
Banner & Poster of 3rd KICA, Academic Writing and Presentation Competition, Important Dates, Awards, Registration
Date : 2015/03/13 | Author : admin | Views : 655